The Ayurvedic Herbal Pharmacy
Ayurvedic herbs are the key for Ayurveda, the traditional, natural medicine from India. Our Ayurveda Spa Team uses ayurvedic herbs to “cleanse” the body, boost immunity against disease, and keep the mind, body, and spirit in balance.
In principle, ayurvedic medicine is used to prevent and treat illness, rather than respond to disease, by maintaining a balance between your body, mind, and environment. We are however not using Ayurvedic on their own. Instead, we incorporate them as part of a holistic approach to health which is involving nutrition, yoga and meditation, ayurvedic massage and aromatherapy.
Together with ayurvedic herbs, we use therapeutic oils and spices to treat illness and promote well-being.
Amazingly, over 600 herbal formulas and about 250 single plant remedies are included in the pharmacy of ayurvedic treatments. We found a lot of them in our garden and we use them for your benefit.
The Mangosteen Herbal Garden Map
Walk around the garden and find all the herbs used at our Spa. They are labelled with little name plates and more information can be found on the map below. Enjoy the walk!
Mimosa Pudica (Thottavadi)
Mimosa pudica is a creeping annual or perennial flowering plant of the pea/legume family Fabaceae and Magnoliopsida taxon, often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, defending themselves from harm, and re-open a few minutes later.
Commonly known as creat or green chireta, is an annual herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to India and Sri Lanka.
It is widely cultivated in Southern and Southeastern Asia, where it has been traditionally been believed to be a treatment for bacterial infections and some diseases. Mostly the leaves and roots were used for such purposes. The whole plant is also used in some cases.
Cyanthillium cinereum has been used for smoking cessation in Thailand and other countries, and as relief for the common cold.
Cyanthillium cinereum is an annual herb up to 120 cm (4 feet) tall. It produces flat-topped arrays of numerous flower heads, each with pinkish or purplish disc florets but no ray florets. The species can be confused with Emilia sonchifolia, but the flower bracts of the latter are much longer and vase shaped.
Gac Momordica Cochinchinensis
Gac has been commonly used in its native countries, mainly as food and traditional medicine. Its use as medicine has been dated back to over 1200 years ago in China and Vietnam Gac seeds are used for a variety of internal and topical purposes in traditional medicine.
The aril surrounding gac seeds when the fruits are ripe is cooked with sticky rice to make “Xôi Gấc”, a traditional Vietnamese dish in red color served at weddings and New Year celebrations. In addition, the immature green fruit is also used as a vegetable in India. The spiny skin is removed and the fruits are sliced and cooked sometimes with potato or bottle gourd. In Sri Lanka, gac is used in curry, and in Thailand, gac is served with ice cream.
Due to the high contents of beta-carotene and lycopene, extracts from the fruit's arils are used to manufacture dietary supplements in soft capsules or are sometimes mixed into beverages.
The leaves of woodsorrel are quite edible, with a tangy taste of lemons. A drink can be made by infusing the leaves in hot water for about 10 minutes, sweetening and then chilling. The entire plant is rich in vitamin C. Any woodsorrel is safe in low dosages, but if eaten in large quantities over a length of time can inhibit calcium absorption by the body.
As a hyperaccumulator of copper, it can be used for phytoremediation. The 1491 Ming Dynasty text, Precious Secrets of the Realm of the King of Xin, describes how to locate underground copper deposits by extracting trace elements of copper from the plant.
The flowers, leaves, roots, and the stem are used to treat various ailments in the Indian traditional system of medicine, the Ayurveda, and in various folk medicines. The fruits, when fully ripe, are used as a dietary source.
It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes.
Sphagneticola trilobata, commonly known as the Bay Biscayne creeping-oxeye, Singapore daisy, creeping-oxeye, trailing daisy, and wedelia, is a plant in the Heliantheae tribe of the Asteraceae (sunflower) family. It is native to Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, but now grows throughout the Neotropics. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental groundcover.
Curry Leaf Tree
The curry tree (Murraya koenigii) is a tropical to sub-tropical tree in the family Rutaceae (the rue family, which includes rue, citrus, and satinwood), and is native to India.
Its leaves are used in many dishes in the Indian subcontinent. Often used in curries, the leaves are generally called by the name "curry leaves", although they are also actually "sweet neem leaves" in most Indian languages.
Millingtonia Hortensis Maramalli
Millingtonia hortensis, the tree jasmine or Indian cork tree, is the sole species in the genus Millingtonia, is a tree native to South Asia & South East Asia.
The specific epithet 'hortensia' derives from 'hortensis' and 'hortus' which in Latin is related to garden. In its synonym, Bignonia suberosa, 'suberosa' derives from 'suberos' which means 'corky' in Latin.
Phyllanthus Acidus Arinelli
Phyllanthus acidus, known as the Otaheite gooseberry, Malay gooseberry, Tahitian gooseberry, country gooseberry, star gooseberry, starberry, arbari, West India gooseberry, or simply gooseberry tree, is one of the trees with edible small yellow berries fruit in the family Phyllanthaceae.
Despite its name, the plant does not resemble the gooseberry, except for the acidity of its fruits. It tastes sour and tart.
Red Ginger - Alpinia Purpurata
Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top.
Red ginger can also be grown as a houseplant and its cut flowers can be used in arrangements.
Syzygium Samarangense - Rose Apple
When ripe, the fruit will puff outwards, with a slight concavity in the middle of the underside of the "bell". Healthy wax apples have a light sheen to them. Despite its name, a ripe wax apple only resembles an apple on the outside in color. It does not taste like an apple, and it has neither the fragrance nor the density of an apple.
Its flavor is similar to a snow pear, and the liquid-to-flesh ratio of the wax apple is comparable to a watermelon. Unlike either apple or watermelon, the wax apple's flesh has a very loose weave.
Desmodium is a genus in the flowering plant family Fabaceae, sometimes called tick-trefoil, tick clover, hitch hikers or beggar lice. There are dozens of species and the delimitation of the genus has shifted much over time.
These are mostly inconspicuous legumes; few have bright or large flowers. Though some can become sizeable plants, most are herbs or small shrubs.
Mint Leaves - Mentha
Mentha (also known as mint) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family).
The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North America.
The species that makes up the genus Mentha are widely distributed and can be found in many environments. Most grow best in wet environments and moist soils. Mints will grow 10–120 cm tall and can spread over an indeterminate area. Due to their tendency to spread unchecked, some mints are considered invasive.
Chhoti Duddhi - Euphorbia Thymifolia
Euphorbia thymifolia is a prostrate annual plant producing stems up to 25cm long. The stems usually produce numerous adventitious roots.
The plant is a very popular medicinal herb in much of Africa and also in many other areas of the tropics. It is commonly harvested from the wild and is also sold in local markets.
The flowers of Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis are edible and are used in salads in the Pacific Islands.
The flower is additionally used in hair care as a preparation. It is also used to shine shoes in certain parts of India. It can also be used as a pH indicator. When used, the flower turns acidic solutions to a dark pink or magenta color and basic solutions to green.
Averrhoa bilimbi is a small tropical tree native to Malaysia and Indonesia, reaching up to 15m in height.
It is often multitrunked, quickly dividing into ramifications. Bilimbi leaves are alternate, pinnate, measuring approximately 30–60 cm in length. Each leaf contains 11-37 leaflets; ovate to oblong, 2–10 cm long and 1–2 cm wide and cluster at branch extremities.
Gymnanthemum extensum, also known as bitterleaf tree is a species of flowering shrub of the family Asteraceae. It is an up to 8 m shrub or small tree found naturally growing at 1,200 m (3,900 ft) to 2,100 m (6,900 ft) above sea level in open forests or thickets in slopes, valleys and by the roadside.
It has been cultivated in Thailand as a garden tree for the medicinal properties of its leaves and the fragrance of its flowers.
Cassia fistula, commonly known as golden shower, purging cassia, Indian laburnum, or pudding-pipe tree, is a flowering plant in the subfamily, Caesalpiniaceae of the legume family, Fabaceae. The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia. It ranges from eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka and southern Pakistan.
It is a popular ornamental plant and is also used in herbal medicine. It is both the national tree and national flower of Thailand. It is the state flower of Kerala in India.
Piper Sarmentosum leaves are used in traditional Asian medicines. Chemical analysis has shown the leaves contain the antioxidant naringenin. Amides from Piper Sarmentosum fruit have been shown to have anti-tuberculosis and anti-plasmodial activities.
Mangosteen Trees at the Mangosteen Resort
What would a Mangosteen Resort be without the trees? The Mangosteen, in Thailand also called the “Queen of the Fruits”, normally grows in lowlands, swamps, high humidity grounds, it does not really like hillsides and wind. The Mangosteen is built on a hillside, always offering a fresh breeze and the soil is rather rocky, normally not suitable for the delicious fruit.
So, we decided to try it and planted a lot of small Mangosteen trees, more or less randomly everywhere in the resort. Plastic containers filled with water, constantly dripping onto the roots, helped replacing the swamp, keeping humidity high at all times.
Many did not make it, some grew, and some were flourishing, in the meantime delivering lots of fresh, obviously organic fruit.